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How can we be safe around Fire?


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Fire may break out in anywhere at any time. Everybody must know about Fire safety precautions at least possible level to prevent fire incidents and how to react in case of a fire accident as well. So that we could protect ourselves from fire injuries. As far as our day-to-day life is concerned, safety on fire can be categorized into three sections such as safety at home, safety at workplace and safety at common places. When safety at home is concerned, gas cylinder is the major reason in causing fire incidents in houses. To avoid this, gas stove should be completely switched off when not in use. Secondly, electrical wiring connections must be verified often to find any short cuts and faults. Moreover, the toxic and inflammable materials should be kept in safe places avoiding direct sunlight.

When workplace is concerned, we must clearly know the routes leading to emergency exits, the locations where fire alarms are fixed, how to use Fire Extinguishers and maintain good house-keeping around our premises. Those who work with toxic substances should wear Personal Protective Equipments (PPE) without fail. We should strictly adhere to fire safety rules and regulations of workplace in order to protect ourselves and others. In case of fire accident in common places, we have to vacate from the spot as soon as possible as there could be subsequent explosions due to the fire that has already broken out.

What is fire and safety Management?


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The aim of Fire and safety management is to ensure that adequate safety measures are implemented in the organisation to prevent fire accidents. This management system consists various aspects such as identifying the potential risks due to fire, creating safety policy, planning & monitoring of fire prevention methods and reviewing of system. The effective implementation of this system will prevent or minimize the accidents as low as reasonably possible, thereby prevents or minimizes the injuries and fatalities as the result.

In Fire and safety management system, the risk identification stage traces the places and events that could lead to fire accidents and identifies the people who may be vulnerable to accidents. The safety policy consists policy statement, responsibilities of the people involved and the arrangements to be made in the premises. The monitoring process analyses the effective functioning of the safety arrangements by carrying out performance measures. Review process is the essential element in this system, which assesses the effective functioning of the existing one. The appropriate changes that required in the system could be adapted once the review process is over.

Why Health and Safety is important in the Workplace


Today’s world is changing with high rate in all the spheres. Industries are using new machineries, new substances and new methods with advanced technologies in order to lessen the human efforts and improve the productivity. On the top of all, Japan has tested the high speed magnetic levitation train positively at 374 mph to ease the transportation.  When manufacturing sector is concerned, a new welding process has been invented to join two high strength metals very quickly without melting the materials. At the same time, the technologies and machineries are being too intricate and needs higher order expertise to handle. The negligence results in unexpected occupational diseases and accidents due to poor response to the sudden events and the insufficient working procedures. Now a days, the Health and safety of the employees are being highlighted by experts in everywhere as it impacts the social and financial aspects of the organization.

 

Purpose of health and safety

  • The reputation of the organization depends on the efforts put forth to create a health and safety environment in their premises.
  • Increase in productivity due to sustained work capacity of the employees.
  • The loyalty among employees could be achieved when the measures are taken to prevent work related illness and accidents.
  • Safety professionals identify the emerging risks due to the substances or work processes in line with the continuous changes in the working environment.
  • Create safety awareness and implementation of the safety procedures in the working place.

 

Need for Health & Safety

Recent workplace health surveys show that the employees are normally suffered by five major concerns in the workplace. They are mental health problems such as anxiety, stress &depression, long term sickness, musculoskeletal disorders, poor work-life balance and poor work practices. In addition to that there are other problems such as working overtime, monotony, fatigue, tiredness which lead to health and safety issues in the workplace. These problems upshot in absenteeism among employees and reduce cost-benefit of the organization. That’s why health and safety is being the inevitable point of focus by the organizations than ever before.

 

Why accidents in Workplace

As far as accidents are concerned in the workplace, experts say that 80% of the accidents are happening only by the fault of the person working in the spot. Furthermore, one-third of the accidents happen due to the usage of hazardous equipments like hand-lift trucks, gears and pulleys, saws and handrails, electric drop lights, etc. Being lethargic while working, poor knowledge of the working environment, poor housekeeping, neglecting safety procedures, unsafe situational and climatic changes, poor attitude of the employees are the other causes for the accidents.

 

Prevention Strategies

A well- known writer, Mark Twain said “It is better to be careful 100 times to be careful than get killed once”

  • Systematic training provided to the employees will assist the employees to avoid the musculoskeletal problems by keeping good ergonometric methods.
  • Employees are needed to have special training to use the tools and equipments, to implement best work-practices, and to be equipped with machine controls. This will be supportive to prevent workplace injuries and avoid risks.
  • Specialized training programs have to be arranged to learn the emergency procedures and learn first aid training to respond in the emergency situations.

 

Contribution of Health and Safety providers

Health and safety professionals are being the nerve system of the organizations with aim of protecting employees and preventing accidents in the work premises. They serve as major contributors towards the productivity of the company and increase the cost benefit to the organization. The reputed safety providers produce well-qualified and competent safety professionals for occupational health and safety. They are offering variety of fundamental and tailor-made training programs as per the requirements of the industry.

NIST, the leading health and safety provider in India, has been serving to the safety sector with the motto of ‘we contribute to safety’ since 2008.

Occupational Health and Safety challenges in India


India is a multi-diversity country with many races, religions and languages with unbending integrity. It is growing rapidly in economy with its enormous massive workforce in various sectors such as IT, manufacturing, construction and etc. In our country, 90 % of the workers and 50% of the national products come from informal workforce who works for unorganized industries. In fact, World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that only 10–15% of workers are accessing the basic occupational health services across the world that applies to our country too.

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State of informal Workers

Recently, two labors were affected by the exposure of toxic substances such as toluene and silicone due to the negligence in the safety measures while cleaning the tanks in Chennai. If the safety officers with expertise in confined space were there, this incident could have been avoided. The workers in the unorganized companies encounter severe health issues due to insufficient fund allocation for safety precautions, slackness in the implementation of Law & regulation, shortage of OSH professionals for health and safety and many more. This results in risks of accidents, diseases like pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, musculoskeletal injuries, chronic lung diseases and also leads to hearing losses.

As per economical statistics, poor occupational health reduces working capacity of the workers and causes an economic loss of up to 10–20% of GNP (Gross National Product).As a result, it affects the national productivity in a large scale. Presently, there are only about 1,000 qualified occupational health professionals and around 100 qualified hygienists in India. As far as our population is concerned, the availability of health professionals is in the poor state.

Challenges for Women

Now a days, the number of women employees in various sectors in our country is increasing over the years. The extended work hours put them in mental-stress as they have other responsibilities like child care and etc. that causes health problems to the women. Especially for pregnant women, the exposed toxic chemicals affect the foetuses and as a result, new-born baby could have chronic diseases due to exposure.

Solutions

The analysis and implementation of Health and Safety measures must be the prime concern for our country today. The first step is to provide safety consciousness to the workers and then by providing effective practical training and arranging safety awareness programmes.Practical training is the best solution as the informal workers do not have proper education and experience. Government has to devise the suitable legislation structures to extend OSH coverage to the unorganized sectors and spreading the awareness about OSH among employers and appointing required OSH professionals. The employer has to ensure the health, safety and welfare of their employees, through provision of safe plant and systems of work, and providing correct information, instruction, training and supervision.

Need of Safety Providers

The effective training to the employees and periodical auditing in the organized industries reduced the risk of accidents in a remarkable scale. Employers could utilize the tailor-made practical training provided by the safety institutes in appropriate with industry’s manufacturing for the growth of the industry.

NIST is the leading safety training institute in India, offering safety courses including practical training such as confined space attendant and fire watcher. These courses are very essential to protect the workers from the potential risks.

Gas leaks in India & Value of preventive safety measures


“If you want the present to be different from the past, study the past.”

Need for learning

Learning is the process that improves the potential of a person or company that is achieved in different modes. Out of all these modes, the two efficient ways of learning are performed by proper training and by past experiences. It could be applicable to any individual person to giant organisations.Industries which retreat from this habit should encounter the unavoidable failures even though sincere efforts are implemented for growth. The recent research reports of safety failures especially gas leaks from various industries across India indicates the negligence of this fact.

 

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The recent gas leaks in India

  • 475 school students along with 9 teachers were hospitalized due to leakage of poisonous gas Chloro (methyl) diphensylsilance from a container depot in Tughlaqabad in Delhi.
  • 25 people were affected by leakage of Chlorine gas from a water treatment plant in Hassan District in Karnataka State.
  • 8 people suffered serious injuries by the explosion of Ammonia gas chamber in Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh State.
  • 10 people admitted in hospital due to Ammonia gas leaks from a barge in Champakkara, near Kochi.
  • 6 people suffered from asphyxiation due to gas leakage from a blast furnace of the plant in Rourkela in Odisha State.

What experts to say

The prominent Experts in India stresses the factor that the industries are not learnt any lesson from the well-known Bhopal gas tragedy which happened in Union Carbide India Ltd (UCIL) in 1984 due to the leakage of methyl Isocyanates (MIC).The analysis of this incident reveals that the reasons for this tragedy were poor maintenance of the plant, lack of effective safety systems in the plant and negligence in safety management.

The experts also say that the workers are not trained effectively to use the safety devices at the time of emergency and to overcome this issue, they suggest, managements has to take steps to conduct Safety training programmes periodically.Eventhough 32 years moved on form Bhopal incident, we encounter the issue of gas leaks all over India at everytime.This is the outcome of not giving the importance to study the past incidents and not implementing the appropriate preventive measures on time.

Lessons to be learnt

“Prevention is better than cure”

  • Industries must implement safety management systems as per standards.
  • Workers must be educated about the safety measures and to use the safety devices effectively.
  • Safety awareness programs and prevention methods in specific to the industry’s manufacturing should be conducted including the authorities concerned and to the public around the industry.
  • Refresher safety training should be given to safety professionals repeatedly as researches argue that after 12 months only 50% of knowledge remains in the memory of the candidates after training.

Role of Safety Institutes

Safety oriented organizations learn from accidents by analyzing the data collected immediately after the incidents and revise the policies and procedures to be implemented in the future. The Training institutes has the challenge to  produce safety  professionals who knows the systematic approach to analyze the incidents thoroughly and capability to provide  recommendations to reconsider the policies based on safety concerns. Ultimately, Aristotle says that

“We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit”

NIST is the leading safety institute in India has the commitment to produce safety professionals with analytical skills in line with our mission of contributing to the safety to the world and providing safety training to the workers and executives to attain the accident- free world.

It’s time for Quality Training


In the modern world, technology is enhancing in all corners in a day to day basis. To say, the development goes to the extent of sending satellites to the mars, finding new subatomic particle, BOSON, in quantum physics, discovering new planets, i.e., 7 planets around a star in 40 light years away from us and the list goes on. In our very life, the new inventions ease our living in many ways like building Artificial human organs, achieving 3D printing, finding Nanobots used to remove Toxins, Gorilla glasses for hi-teach gadgets, Power mat for charging gadgets without electricity. Particularly, many devices are invented for safety purposes both for typical usage like Safelets & Revolar, i.e., to wear on hand, for women safety and for industrial usage ranging from Modern Gas Detector, Face Protectors and Gloves.

 

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Inspite of the fact, the technology is growing in supersonic pace in all the sectors to make human life better and better, the safety and value of human life is still being the unanswered question. The recent incidents and surveys indicate that our mankind, especially workers in the various industries is at high risk at all time. The Ministry of Statistics and Programme implementation in India says that the fire accidents cost around 20,000 victim’s life in every year. To add up, over 40% of fire accidents happen due to failure of electric circuits that causes threat to safety of people and to the property including expensive equipments.

All the time, Fire safety audit is the effective tool to assess the fire safety status in industries, laboratories, IT parks, offices, hotels, malls, hospitals, educational institutions and helps to identify the domains for improvement in fire prevention, protection and emergency preparedness. Eventhough it is mandatory for conducting fire safety audit, the failures in the safety concerns and costing human lives raise many questions in everyone’s mind.

Why fire accidents are being frequent in industries?

Are the safety professionals not competent or irresponsible or not trained properly?

Would the safety course providers really committed to produce quality professionals?

In order to answer these questions, the thorough analysis is needed to identify the root cause for these incidents. The astonishing fact is, there is lack of properly trained and qualified safety professionals contributed to the society to handle the safety equipments effectively as well as to apply the safety methods and preventive measures precisely. So that, the failures in safety audit and improper guidance of prevention measures leads to accidents in the industry. To add up more, few safety course providers not committed to produce qualified safety professionals. Free Safety courses are offered to the candidates along with other major courses that suppresses the significance and necessity of safety concerns.  Some safety institutes are providing poor training to the candidates for lower prices.

On account of all these facts, the necessity to identify the genuine, aristocratic safety course providers in the market emerges. The professionals, who have certified from the prestigious training institutes, are successfully carrying out their safety profession contributing to the safety of the workers and companies at their best. The recognition of deserving safety course providers by the society, will pave the way to generate qualified safety professionals and save the valuable life of workers and property of the industry too by facilitating safety measures in efficient form.

Have NIST training; be brave to go anywhere; it saves all.

Why to choose Safety (HSE) as a career?

September 26, 2015 Leave a comment

People are attracted to trends, technologies & fashion. Then why to choose safety as a career?

The fundamental need for human beings are food, water and shelter. Are we satisfied with the quality of food, water and environment? Pollution, scarcity, pesticides etc. etc.,

In recent days people are more focusing into raising awareness to

  • Protect the environment (Plant trees, rain water harvesting, safe use on water)
  • Eliminate the contaminants (organic farming, organic foods, no pesticides)
  • Control measures for pollutants (Automobile emission, industry emission, waste management)

Every human being is responsible and accountable to protect themselves and the environment. If so one needs to be aware, alert and action plan. In a similar fashion any employer needs to protect the people, equipment, material and environment. Here comes the role of HSE professional to responsibly safeguard themselves and an organisation as a whole in the given working condition.

What to study?

Along with the basic educational qualification, one need to develop the CPD’s to meet the challenging needs of industry requirements & updates. In order to meet the demands, NEBOSH Diploma in Occupational safety & health is level 6 U.K graduation preferred by senior management and mangers of an organisation. This is followed by NEBOSH IGC course to have reasonable entry in HSE career for middle managers and junior level. There are few fundamental and mandatory safety courses like managing the work safely, Risk Assessment, Fire Safety and First Aid are also preferred for beginners. The safety courses studied provide sound foundation to accomplish the tasks effectively and efficiently.

Why to invest in Safety courses?

For Employee

  • Work in line with organizational requirements & legal compliance
  • Reduction in the probability of accidents and human errors
  • Increase in skills, knowledge and efficiency
  • Job satisfaction & further progression

For Employer

  • To meet the legal compliance
  • Improved morale and reputation
  • Reduction in insurance premiums because of accidents and human errors

Increase in productivity and quality of work which will increase in reputation