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Gas leaks in India & Value of preventive safety measures


“If you want the present to be different from the past, study the past.”

Need for learning

Learning is the process that improves the potential of a person or company that is achieved in different modes. Out of all these modes, the two efficient ways of learning are performed by proper training and by past experiences. It could be applicable to any individual person to giant organisations.Industries which retreat from this habit should encounter the unavoidable failures even though sincere efforts are implemented for growth. The recent research reports of safety failures especially gas leaks from various industries across India indicates the negligence of this fact.

 

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The recent gas leaks in India

  • 475 school students along with 9 teachers were hospitalized due to leakage of poisonous gas Chloro (methyl) diphensylsilance from a container depot in Tughlaqabad in Delhi.
  • 25 people were affected by leakage of Chlorine gas from a water treatment plant in Hassan District in Karnataka State.
  • 8 people suffered serious injuries by the explosion of Ammonia gas chamber in Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh State.
  • 10 people admitted in hospital due to Ammonia gas leaks from a barge in Champakkara, near Kochi.
  • 6 people suffered from asphyxiation due to gas leakage from a blast furnace of the plant in Rourkela in Odisha State.

What experts to say

The prominent Experts in India stresses the factor that the industries are not learnt any lesson from the well-known Bhopal gas tragedy which happened in Union Carbide India Ltd (UCIL) in 1984 due to the leakage of methyl Isocyanates (MIC).The analysis of this incident reveals that the reasons for this tragedy were poor maintenance of the plant, lack of effective safety systems in the plant and negligence in safety management.

The experts also say that the workers are not trained effectively to use the safety devices at the time of emergency and to overcome this issue, they suggest, managements has to take steps to conduct safety training programmes periodically.Eventhough 32 years moved on form Bhopal incident, we encounter the issue of gas leaks all over India at everytime.This is the outcome of not giving the importance to study the past incidents and not implementing the appropriate preventive measures on time.

Lessons to be learnt

“Prevention is better than cure”

  • Industries must implement safety management systems as per standards.
  • Workers must be educated about the safety measures and to use the safety devices effectively.
  • Safety awareness programs and prevention methods in specific to the industry’s manufacturing should be conducted including the authorities concerned and to the public around the industry.
  • Refresher safety training should be given to safety professionals repeatedly as researches argue that after 12 months only 50% of knowledge remains in the memory of the candidates after training.

Role of Safety Institutes

Safety oriented organizations learn from accidents by analyzing the data collected immediately after the incidents and revise the policies and procedures to be implemented in the future. The Training institutes has the challenge to  produce safety  professionals who knows the systematic approach to analyze the incidents thoroughly and capability to provide  recommendations to reconsider the policies based on safety concerns. Ultimately, Aristotle says that

“We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit”

NIST is the leading safety institute in India has the commitment to produce safety professionals with analytical skills in line with our mission of contributing to the safety to the world and providing safety training to the workers and executives to attain the accident- free world.

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